全国服务热线:13719683512
13719683512 / 134229079342388289514@qq.com关注众行网络微信公众号 关注众行网络微信公众号
当前位置:首页 > 新闻资讯 > 员工天地 >

经典散文翻译赏析:培根《论读书》

更新日期:2020-06-03 11:01 文章编辑:众行网络 ZX168.NET​ 浏览次数:

Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business.
读书足以怡情,足以傅彩,足以长才。其怡情也,最见于独处幽居之时;其傅彩也,最见于高谈阔论之中;其长才也,最见于处 世判事之际。

For expert and execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best form those that are learned.To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgement wholly by their rules, is the humour of a scholar.
练达之士虽能分别处理细事或一一判别枝节,然纵观统筹,全局策划,则舍好学深思者莫属。读书费时过多易惰,文采藻饰太盛则矫,全凭条文断事乃学究故态。

They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning (pruning) by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience.
读书补天然之不足,经验又补读书之不足,盖天生才干犹如自然花草,读书然后知如何修剪移接,而书中所示,如不以经验范之,则又大而无当。

Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation.
有一技之长者鄙读书,无知者羡读书,唯明智之士用读书,然书并不以用处告人,用书之智不在书中,而在书外,全凭观察得之。

Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.
读书时不可存心诘难读者,不可尽信书上所言,亦不可只为寻章摘句,而应推敲细思。

Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books; else distilled books are, like common distilled waters, flashy things.
书有可浅尝者,有可吞食者,少数则须咀嚼消化。换言之,有只需读其部分者,有只须大体涉猎者,少数则须全读,读时须全神贯注,孜孜不倦。书亦可请人代读,取其所作摘要,但只限题材较次或价值不高者,否则书经提炼犹如水经蒸馏,淡而无味。

Reading make a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit; and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know that he doth not.
读书使人充实,讨论使人机智,笔记使人准确。因此不常做笔记者须记忆力特强,不常讨论者须天生聪颖,不常读书者须欺世有术,始能无知而显有知。

Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in morse. (Studeis go to make up a man’s character.)
读史使人明智,读诗使人灵秀,数学使人周密,科学使人深刻,伦理学使人庄重,逻辑修辞之学使人善辩;凡有所学,皆成性格。

Nay there is no stand or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies: like as diseases of the body may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach ; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. (Hair-splitters sim-mini sek-torr-es) If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind may have a special receipt.
人之才智但有滞碍,无不可读适当之书使之顺畅,一如身体百病,皆可借相宜之运动除之。滚球利睾肾,射箭利胸肺,慢步利肠胃,骑术利头脑,诸如此类。如智力不集中,可令读数学,盖演题需全神贯注,稍有分散即须重演;如不能辩异,可令读经院哲学,盖是辈皆吹毛求疵之人;如不善求同,不善以一物阐证另一物,可令读律师之案卷。如此头脑中凡有缺陷,皆有特效可医。--王佐良 译


经典散文翻译赏析:培根《论读书》
文章转载链接:http://zx168.net/News/ygtd/10414.html
相关新闻

网站建设多少钱?惠州建网站需要多少钱?

网站建设多少钱 ?惠州 建网站 需要多少钱?众行云告 ...

智奥会展中国官网网站建设成功上线

众行云专注于 网站建设 / 网站优化 ,始终追求 “您的 ...

惠州网站建设_众行云品牌网站制作公司

网站建设-众行云.品牌网站建设公司-专业从事惠州网站 ...

惠州哪家网站建设公司好?

网站建设-众行云.品牌网站建设公司-专业从事惠州网站 ...

如何选择一家专业的惠州网站建设公司

网站建设-众行云.品牌网站建设公司-专业从事惠州网站 ...

惠州网站建设教你如何巧用网站导航提高网站权重

站长们写 企业 网站 建设 的建设方案中,应该不会缺少 ...

推荐案例
BEST CASE

CONTACT

选择我们没有错

我们的理念:"诚信为本、实力为先,全心全意为客户"!
我们公司秉承客户至上、服务至上的经营理念,以卓越的IT服务品质、专业的技术服务实力、技术精湛的客户服务团队,保障客户在信息时代的高速路上驰骋!
以稳固、发展、忠诚、高效、团结与创新的精神,尊重人才注重技术,使客户在享受信息科技发展新成果的同时不断获得更大的收益!

咨询热线

[ 13719683512 ]

售后服务咨询